Poverty is a situation of deprivation, in which there is a lack of general or socially acceptable amount or physical properties. In U.S. poverty is measured by the "poverty line" set by the US government. This measure mainly recognizes poverty as the shortage of goods and services given to the members of mainstream society. Using the Consumer Price Index, the official threshold for inflation is adjusted.
Most Americans will have to spend at least one year in his life below poverty line at the age between 25 to 75 years. Compared to suburban areas, poverty rates in the rural and interior parts of the country are continuously high.
In 2015, 13.5% of Americans (43.1 million)
living below poverty line has been estimated by an organization, Still other scholars underscore the number of Americans living in "near poverty", which holds the number 100 million, which is the third part of the US population. Starting from the 1930s, the related poverty rate has consistently exceeded. New Hampshire, Vermont, Minnesota and Nebraska have the lowest poverty rate, which is 8.7% and 9.1% of their population living in poverty.
In 2009, the number of people living in poverty was reaching the level of 1960, and there was a national war on poverty. Extreme poverty in the United States in 2011, which means doubling at 1.56 million households, including 2.8 million children living in government households less than 2 dollars per day,
In 2012, the percentage of senior citizens living in poverty was 14% and 18% were children. In addition to social security benefits, and contributed to reducing poverty compared to any other factor.
Recent census data shows that half of the population qualifies as poor or low income with one of the five million living in poverty. Academic contributors in the Routledge Handbook of Poverty in the United States said that as a result of neoliberal structural adjustment policies and globalization, new and extreme forms of poverty have emerged in the US, which provide financially marginalized communities with the necessary "surplus population"
In 2011, the Child Poverty Record reached a high level, in which 16.7 million children lived in insecure families, 35% more than the level of 2007. A 2013 UNICEF report says the U.S. In the developed world, second most relative child in the form of poverty rates. According to a 2016 study by the Urban Institute, teenagers with low income are often forced to join gangs, save school lunches, sell drugs, or exchange sexual partners.
In January 2009, there were about 643,000 refugee and helpless homeless people. Approximately 1.56 million people, or approximately 0.5% of the American population, used an emergency shelter or a transitional housing program between October 1, 2008 and September 30, 2009. About 44% homeless people are employed. By 2018, most of the US citizens living in their vehicles because they can not find affordable housing, especially in Los Angeles, Portland, Oregon and San Francisco, where there is a huge increase in the cost of living.
In June 2016, the IMF warned the United States that urging the United States to increase the minimum wage In December 2017, United Nations Special Representative on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights, Philip Aston examined the effect of systematic poverty in the United States Alston's report was released in May 2018 and it has been highlighted that 40 million people live in poverty and more than five million live in "third world" situations. "